PHILOSOPHY AND KNOWLEDGE: Discussions on Evidence and theory

Michael FASCIA


Dominant research streams in the knowledge transfer field, such as the positivist
and social constructionist approaches, largely assume that knowledge transfer
is accomplished through instructions and/or socially constructed practices.
Underlying these views is the belief that texts and practices carry with them the
codes necessary for their own decoding and therefore enable an unproblematic
knowledge transfer. In contrast, we argue that the decoding of information into
meaningful knowledge is always mediated by people’s private and cultural
models, which are created from the unique combination of their cognitive
dispositions (i.e. acumen, memory, creativity, volitions, emotions) and sociocultural interaction. The degree to which people apply these models reflectively
and/or categorically (i.e. automatically) depends on the need for cognition as
well as environmental demands and feedback

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